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Homemade Country White Gravy Recipe

In this post I’ll be sharing an easy Homemade Country White Gravy Recipe.

In the South, we love our homemade gravies. Folks even jokingly refer to it as a beverage in my neck of the woods. I would imagine though that people love gravy no matter where they call home. I mean, what’s not to love, right?

What is country white gravy? Country gravy is the delicious white gravy that is usually well seasoned with black pepper.

If you’ve ever visited a Cracker Barrel then you’ve seen this gravy on their menu referred to as sawmill gravy. We won’t get into all of the debates on what sawmill gravy is in this post because there are plenty of opinions on the matter.

What to serve with white gravy? Country gravy is delicious served over hot biscuits, served over mashed potatoes, with pork chops, traditional Southern fried chicken or country fried steak. You can even use gravy as a dipping sauce for chicken tenders.

I don’t know about you, but I’ll take gravy over honey mustard any day! My husband, Sparky, even smothers french fries or hash browns with this delicious gravy.

Southern White Gravy Recipe

Homemade country white gravy on a breakfast plate with eggs, sausage and bacon with biscuits

Doesn’t that look amazing, my Friend? Oh. My. Word. I sure do love a good Southern style breakfast. It is pure comfort food in my book. Fluffy scrambled eggs (or sometimes over medium cooked in bacon fat), crispy bacon, breakfast sausage links and a fresh biscuit covered in country gravy. 

I cook breakfast at our house every morning but we usually have a bigger breakfast as a treat on Sunday mornings.

Now, when most folks say country gravy, THAT is the gravy (see photo above) that they are referring to. It is white and has lots of pepper. Is it always white? Well, no.

Country gravy, sometimes referred to as milk gravy where I come from, can also be a brown color. It all depends on how it is prepared.

An easy white gravy recipe starts with a simple roux. If you’re making the gravy just by itself, then it is easier to keep that white color.

If you’re making gravy in a hot pan after cooking meat then it is likely that your flour is going to brown a bit more and you’ll end up with a creamy country brown gravy. No matter what, it will be a delicious gravy.

The flavor can vary depending on what fat or type of meat drippings that you choose for your gravy.

Here are two examples of how a classic country gravy recipe can vary depending on type of fat/meat dripping, temperature of the pan and how quickly the flour in the roux browns.

The chicken fried steak photo is from back in my second year after starting my website. Please forgive my photography skills back then. I’ve tried hard to improve in the years since, but you get the idea I’m getting at with the variation in color of the gravy.

Country Gravy Ingredients

country white gravy with black pepper over a biscuit

Here’s what you’ll need to make this easy white gravy recipe:

  • Fat – I used butter. Other fat options that you can use are bacon grease, vegetable oil, pan drippings or sausage grease. I find that sausage sometimes doesn’t give off enough grease and you may have to add a little cooking oil to it for making gravy. The butter helps keep this Southern white gravy, white, like most people expect.

Technically, you could use olive oil if you really wanted to but I don’t like gravy made with olive oil. The flavor of the olive oil is too pungent for my tastes in a gravy.

  • Flour – I use all purpose flour for making gravy, but in this instance, it doesn’t matter if you use all purpose or self-rising. Just use whichever you have on hand.

Since I am often asked what brand of flour I prefer, I will share that I keep White Lily all purpose flour and White Lily unbleached self-rising flour on hand at all times.

  • Whole Milk – I like using the whole milk for this creamy gravy. 
  • Salt and Ground Black Pepper – a bit of salt and go a little bit heavy on the pepper. That is all that I use to season my homemade white country gravy but you feel free to add other seasonings if you feel inclined to do so. You’re the one eating it after all so you want to make your taste buds happy.

So that’s it, three main simple ingredients with a bit of salt and pepper to make this Homemade Country White Gravy Recipe. An easy recipe, but a rich gravy that is so delicious.

How to make Country Gravy

butter melting in a non-stick skillet

To make your homemade country white gravy, begin by warming a large skillet or sauce pan over medium heat. Next, place the butter in the hot pan and melt butter completely. 

You’ll want to keep an eye on the pan because butter can burn or turn brown and that is not what you want for a white pepper gravy.

Southern Country Gravy

Making a simple roux in a skillet

The next step is to add the flour to the melted butter. I like to use a spatula or wooden spoon at this point to combine the flour into the butter and press out any clumps of flour that you notice. This will help ensure a delicious white gravy that is free of lumps.

White Gravy

simmering roux to remove raw flour taste for gravy

Once the flour mixture is smooth, I change over to a small whisk for the rest of the process in making this homemade gravy.

Allow the flour mixture, also known as a roux, to cook for three to four minutes. That is an important step in preparing a pan gravy to get rid of the raw flour taste.

Homemade White Gravy Recipe

whisking mix into roux to make white gravy

Now that we’ve cooked that raw flour taste our of our roux to ensure the best flavor for the gravy, slow whisk in some of the milk…just a bit of it, maybe half a cup.

Keep whisking until it is smooth and well combined with the flour mixture. Slowly add the remaining milk into the pan, while whisking, to keep it smooth until well combined.

If this is your first time making homemade gravy, you’ll notice that it is very runny and not thick at all. That is how it is supposed to be at this point. The gravy thickens as it cooks.

Tip for making white gravy: if the gravy gets too thick, add a little more liquid. If the gravy needs to thicken more, just allow it to keep cooking.

White Pepper Gravy

Seasoning white gravy without sausage

Season your gravy mixture with salt and plenty of black pepper, whisk to combine, and allow it to simmer. As the gravy simmers continue to whisk until thickened. This takes a few minutes so just be patient. 

Use a tasting spoon to sample the gravy and adjust the seasonings if needed. 

Once the country white gravy has thickened, remove the pan from the heat and carefully transfer the gravy to a gravy boat, serving bowl or a measuring cup for serving.

How thick should the gravy be? Well, that is a matter of personal preference. I remember, Nanny, liked her gravy pretty thick. Mama preferred making gravy not so thick.

I’ll take it either way but you do want it thick enough to be called a gravy so it should coat a spoon well.

Biscuits and Gravy without Sausage

Country White Gravy Recipe served on a yellow platter with breakfast foods

Enjoy your perfect country gravy for any meal of the day. Who’s hungry for some fresh baked biscuits and gravy right about now?

Can gravy be made ahead? Yes, white gravy can be made ahead of time and stored in the refrigerator for three to four days in an airtight container.

Can gravy be frozen? Yes, gravy can be frozen up to four months. and re-heated slowly when needed.

Country White Gravy Recipe

Southern breakfast with white country gravy with black pepper

Printable Recipe Card

Below you will find the printable recipe card with ingredients and details for making this Homemade Country White Gravy Recipe to add to your collection of great Southern recipes.

Yield: 2 cups

Homemade Country White Gravy Recipe

country white gravy with black pepper over a biscuit

An easy country white gravy recipe with plenty of ground black pepper to enjoy for any meal of the day. It is delicious with homemade biscuits, fried chicken, pork chops and more.

Prep Time 2 minutes
Cook Time 15 minutes
Total Time 17 minutes


  • 4 tablespoons Butter
  • ¼ cup All Purpose Flour
  • 2 cups Whole Milk
  • Salt and Ground Black Pepper, to taste (I used ½ of salt and about a teaspoon of fresh ground black pepper)


  1. Melt the butter in a skillet or sauce pan over medium heat.
  2. Next, add the flour to the melted butter. Using a spatula; combine the flour and butter together and use the back of the spatula to press out any clumps of flour.
  3. Next, use a small whisk to whisk the flour mixture (roux) so that it is smooth and cook for 3 to 4 minutes to get rid of the raw flour taste.
  4. Slowly add about a half cup of the milk to the flour mixture while whisking to keep the gravy mixture smooth. Continue to whisk in the remaining milk.
  5. Season the gravy, bring to a simmer and cook for 8 to 10 more minutes until thickened; whisking as it cooks.
  6. Once the gravy has thickened to your liking; remove the pan from the heat and carefully transfer the gravy to a serving dish or gravy boat.
  7. Serve hot.


Please see full post for other options for making white country gravy.

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Nutrition Information:



Serving Size:

1/4 cup

Amount Per Serving: Calories: 103Total Fat: 8gSaturated Fat: 5gTrans Fat: 0gUnsaturated Fat: 2gCholesterol: 21mgSodium: 145mgCarbohydrates: 6gFiber: 0gSugar: 3gProtein: 2g

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Homemade Country White Gravy Recipe

Thank you so much for stopping by! I am so happy that you did. I know that you will enjoy this classic American gravy with many meals just as we do. Classic Southern food makes my heart and my belly happy.

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Until next time, Friend, love and happy cooking!

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Friday 9th of February 2024

I make the recipe as written but I add a half teaspoon of garlic granules. This really makes the gravy pop!

Julia Jordan

Friday 9th of February 2024

I'm so happy that you enjoyed using the recipe. ~Julia


Sunday 26th of November 2023

Hello Julia!

Hope you and your loved ones had a Happy Thanksgiving Day 💗. Can alternative milk substitute be used to make the gravy? Ex. Soy, almond, oat milk. Looking forward to trying this recipe.

Julia Jordan

Monday 27th of November 2023

Hello, and thank you. You can use other liquids to make gravy. I've never tried the alternative milks myself, but I am sure that you can make a delicious gravy with them if that is what you use and have on hand. Let me know how it turns out. Enjoy! ~Julia


Monday 30th of January 2023

I also use vegetable shortening or crisco for the fat depending on what I have on hand.

Julia Jordan

Monday 30th of January 2023

Yes, use what you have on hand...or dripping from meat. Enjoy!

Stephen Fromwiller

Tuesday 18th of October 2022

If you scald your milk and add to roue it is quicker to thicken !

Miz Helen

Tuesday 21st of December 2021

Hi Julia, What is a good biscuit without white gravy with lots of black pepper, yum! Thanks so much for sharing with us at Full Plate Thursday, 567 and hope you have a very Merry Christmas! Miz Helen

Julia Jordan

Wednesday 22nd of December 2021

Merry Christmas to you too, Miz Helen. ~Julia

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